- 1 What happens if a horse has Coggins?
- 2 What causes Coggins in horses?
- 3 Is Coggins contagious?
- 4 What are the symptoms of Coggins?
- 5 What to do if a horse tests positive for Coggins?
- 6 Can a horse survive Coggins?
- 7 Can humans get Coggins?
- 8 How do you prevent Coggins in horses?
- 9 Can you transport a horse without a Coggins?
- 10 Does my horse need a Coggins?
- 11 How often should Coggins be done?
- 12 How long does a Coggins test last?
- 13 How much is it to get Coggins on a horse?
- 14 How do you prevent EIA in horses?
- 15 What are the symptoms of EPM in a horse?
What happens if a horse has Coggins?
A “Coggins” is a blood test that detects antibodies to the disease Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA). This is a virus that can cause affected horses (or donkeys) to have fevers, anemia (low red blood cell count), edema (stocking up), or weight loss/muscle wasting. There is no vaccine for EIA and there is no treatment.
What causes Coggins in horses?
Equine infectious anemia (EIA), or swamp fever, is a viral disease that occurs worldwide. The disease is usually spread by horse flies biting an infected horse, then biting a healthy horse.
Is Coggins contagious?
The Coggins test is a simple blood test to determine the presence of Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA). EIA is a non-contagious but potentially fatal virus. According to the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, symptoms of EIA can be non-specific, and include fever, weight loss, lethargy and anemia.
What are the symptoms of Coggins?
Symptoms include high fever, anemia (due to the breakdown of red blood cells), weakness, swelling of the lower abdomen and legs, weak pulse, and irregular heartbeat. The horse may die suddenly.
What to do if a horse tests positive for Coggins?
Equine Infectious Anemia & Coggins Tests Due to this fact, horses testing positive must be euthanized or under strict lifelong quarantine. Equine Infectious Anemia virus reproduces in white blood cells that circulate throughout the body. A horse’s immune system may attack and destroy red blood cells leading to anemia.
Can a horse survive Coggins?
Most die within weeks. If a horse has produced a negative Coggins test at some point in his life and has not shown these signs since, it’s extremely unlikely that he has contracted the disease. If they all had negative tests and have not shown any signs since then, their risk to your horse is negligible.
Can humans get Coggins?
“Currently, our U.S. prevalence is down to 0.004 percent of the population,” said Pelzel-McCluskey. “Last year we had only 46 cases, and we tested one and one half million horses.” However, recent reports of EIA infection in racing Quarter Horses in 13 states are cause for concern.
How do you prevent Coggins in horses?
Sterilize dental tools and other instruments before using them on another horse. Test all horses for EIA at least annually. Test horses at the time of purchase examination. Stable owners, horse show and event managers should require and verify current negative Coggins certificates for all horses entering the premises.
Can you transport a horse without a Coggins?
In the United States anytime you cross state lines you are required by law to have a current negative coggins and health certificate on each horse that is traveling with you. This is true whether you are traveling for a horse show, trail ride, or relocation.
Does my horse need a Coggins?
A Coggins test is a blood test identifying if a horse is a carrier of Equine Infectious Anemia, a viral disease found in horses. A negative Coggins test is required for all travel between states and at most equine facilities.
How often should Coggins be done?
Coggins tests are good for 6 months. 5. In order to travel from state to state you must have in addition to the Coggins test a health certificate or horse passport (the type of document depends on where you will be traveling to). These documents are good for 30 days and 6 months respectively.
How long does a Coggins test last?
The Coggins test is good for one year and must be done by a USDA certified veterinarian. Health Certificates are to ensure that horses being transported are healthy and not potentially exposing innocent horses to disease.
How much is it to get Coggins on a horse?
A Coggins Test can cost anywhere from about $20 to $100. It’s really just a question of how long you’re willing to wait and what other vet services you need for your horse. Some clinics have a testing lab onsite with quick turnaround times.
How do you prevent EIA in horses?
Prevention is key to stopping the spread of EIA. Use a sterile needle, syringe, and IV set for all injections or treatments. Disinfect dental, tattoo, surgical equipment, lip chains, and bits thoroughly between horses. Remove all debris and blood with soap and water before disinfection.
What are the symptoms of EPM in a horse?
Muscle atrophy, most noticeable along the topline or in the large muscles of the hindquarters, but can sometimes involve the muscles of the face or front limbs. Paralysis of muscles of the eyes, face or mouth, evident by drooping eyes, ears or lips. Difficulty swallowing. Seizures or collapse.